John and his patron
This is another reference to the earl as John’s patron, the earl. See the commentary for Chapter 22. [KD 2006]
The earl is said to fight with the drowsy god after dinner. The drowsy god likely refers to the god personified by sleep, Hypnos. [KD 2006]
Sources: Cassell’s Dictionary of Classical Mythology.
Dives and Lazarus
Trollope refers to this story in a comparison between the offices of John Eames and Adolphus Crosbie: the Income-tax Office is as distant from the General Committee Office as Lazarus is from Dives. The parable of Dives and Lazarus, found in Luke 16:19-31, is about a rich man (in Latin, Dives) and the poor man (Lazarus) who lived outside of the rich man’s house begging for a crumb of food. In the afterlife, a chasm separates Dives (in hell) from Lazarus (in heaven). [KD & RR 2006; rev. 2011]
Sources: Luke 16:19-31.