in Last Chronicle of Barset

Chapter 32 – Mr. Toogood

In forma pauperis

This Latin phrase means “in the form of a pauper,” and Crawley uses it to describe his inability to pay Toogood for his legal assistance.  [EB 2006]



The woman mentioned in the poem that Toogood quotes is a famous courtesan of ancient Greece, who was said to have traveled with Alexander the Great.  Toogood does not know this background information, and is only amused by his children picking up Dryden’s use of “Thais” and referring to their mother with this name.  Crawley, who does know of this historical figure, is shocked and questions Toogood’s character.  [EB & RR 2006; rev. 2011]

Sources:  Dryden, “Alexander’s Feast” 105-106.


Use the goods the gods provide you

Toogood describes this as the best form of gratitude for the good fortune he has enjoyed.  This phrase hearkens back to a similar statement made by Paris in the Iliad, as well as to the poem by John Dryden that Toogood quotes.  [EB 2006]

Sources:  Homer, Iliad 3.65.
Dryden, “Alexander’s Feast” 105-106.


By Jove

Toogood uses this common exclamation, which makes use of the name of the Roman god Jove, or Jupiter.  [EB 2006]


In forma pauperis

See the gloss for this phrase earlier in this chapter.


I know myself as no one else can no me, in spite of the wise man’s motto

Mr. Crawley says this in reference to his difficulty in remembering the events surrounding the alleged theft.  The “motto” he references is possibly a phrase found in Diogenes Laertius’ account of Thales, who supposedly said that “to know one’s self” is most difficult.  [EB & RR 2006]

Sources:  Entry in Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations.