in Warden

Chapter 12 – Mr. Bold’s Visit

sacred precincts

Trollope uses this phrase to refer to the home of the Grantly family and the office of Dr. Grantly, who is the archdeacon of Barchester.  This occurs when John Bold is about to visit Dr. Grantly and is feeling very apprehensive about his visit.  Even the very Grantly residence and property is viewed as holy, ancient, and respectable by Mr. Bold.  [MD 2005]


sanctum sanctorum

Trollope refers to the office of Archdeacon Grantly in his house as “the holy of holies.”  This gives the room the (humorously heightened) feeling of a very private place, Dr. Grantly’s innermost sanctuary.  [MD & RR 2005]



Trollope refers to St. John Chrysostom, a Christian priest who was very well known in the fourth and fifth centuries CE for his eloquent sermons and speaking style, and thus received the nickname Chrysostom, or “golden-mouthed.”  For the first part of his life, St. John was a monk, but his popularity dramatically increased when he became archbishop of Constantinople in 397 CE.  His bust is mentioned here as sitting alongside those of other famous Christian men.  [MD 2005]

Sources:  Information from the now defunct


St. Augustine

A reference to St. Augustine, first a priest and later a bishop, who lived during the fourth and fifth centuries CE.  St. Augustine was a very popular Christian writer, who wrote such works as the Confessiones (Confessions) and De Civitate Dei (The City of God), which would influence Christian doctrine for centuries to come.  St. Augustine’s bust is here mentioned as sitting next to some of Christianity’s other most famous men, who share in common a history of examining the relationship between church and state.  This allusion is noted by Gilmour as being a possible reference to the Roman monk Augustine, who was the first archbishop of Canterbury and converted many English to Christianity; however, this seems an unlikely reference when examining the other names of very famous men who are mentioned alongside that of St. Augustine.  [MD 2005]

Sources:  Robin Gilmour’s note in Penguin edition of The Warden (2004), 194.