Chapter 60 – Conclusion

interregnum and annals

An interregnum is the time in between reigns.  Mention of an interregnum recalls book 1 of Livy’s History of Rome, when Livy describes a vacant throne after Romulus disappears.  Trollope writes of the interregnum in the garden when the squire and Hopkins have their argument about Hopkins’ taking manure without permission.  Trollope is being humorous here by comparing the king of Rome to the king of the garden.  Later in the sentence, Trollope refers to the event as terrible in the annals of Allington.  Annals, we know, are the records of events (see the commentary for Chapter 34 and Chapter 35).  Trollope’s use of “annals,” a common name for historical writing in Rome, gives the sentence a sense of Romanness.  [KD 2006]

Sources:  Livy, History of Rome 1.17.

Chapter 59 – John Eames Becomes a Man

his place was among the gods

John Eames thinks this about himself when he finds out that Amelia and Cradell are engaged.  Trollope is using this to express how happy John is that he is not engaged to Amelia, even though John is still sad about Lily’s rejection.  [KD 2006]


run away from the country as if London in May were more pleasant than the woods and fields

Trollope says that John leaves Guestwick as if London were better than the country.  Of course, we know that John is leaving because he is embarrassed about Lily’s rejection.  John would rather leave the pastoral setting than be reminded of Lily’s rejection.  See the commentary for Chapter 14.  [KD 2006]


a mutton meal is not envied by the gods

Trollope says eating mutton in a hotel lobby is not a banquet to be envied by gods.  This occurs when Johnny Eames is eating dinner after moving from Burton Crescent and after being refused by Lily Dale.  This is where we last see John in this novel.  Horace uses the phrase cenae deum (“banquets of the gods”) in Satire 2.6 to describe a highly desired but simple meal in the country.  [KD 2006]

Sources:  Horace, Satire 2.6.65.

Chapter 58 – The Fate of the Small House

You know the story of the boy who wouldn’t cry though the wolf was gnawing him underneath his frock

The earl refers to this story when he is telling Johnny not to let Lily Dale’s rejection affect him outwardly.  This allusion refers to a story in Plutarch’s Life of Lycurgus.  In the story, a little boy would rather be gnawed than admit he had stolen a fox.  The earl is saying that John must be like that boy and hide his pain.  [KD 2006]

Sources:  Plutarch, Life of Lycurgus 18.1.


By Jove

An exclamation identical to “By God,” as Jove was the chief Roman god, Jupiter.  Trollope uses “by Jove” when describing what another man in John Eames’ position might say after being rejected by someone like Lily Dale.  [KD 2006]


He would have been the hero of the hour and everybody would have sung for him his song of triumph

Johnny Eames thinks that if he had successfully engaged himself to Lily then “he would have been the hero of the hour.” The “songs of truimph” are reminiscent of Pindar’s Odes written for victorious athletes in ancient Greece.  [KD 2006]

Chapter 55 – Not Very Fie Fie After All

Love was necessary

Palliser comes to this realization during his apparent flirtation with Lady Dumbello.  The abstract concept of love is capitalized and referred to as an entity here, as in Classical personifications.  [EB 2006]


By Jove (appearing two times)

This exclamation is here used by Lord Dumbello, reacting to the letter from Lady Dumbello’s mother. The phrase, which makes use of the name of the king of the Roman gods, is found throughout Trollope’s novels.  [EB 2006]


she had triumphed

Lady Dumbello reclaims her husband’s trust by showing him her mother’s letter warning her about her relationship with Palliser.  The word “triumph” draws a parallel between this private social victory and the large celebrations of military success practiced in ancient Rome.  Further, Lady Dumbello receives a necklace that is compared to a “jewelled cuirass” from her husband after this incident, drawing a humorous parallel with the spoils of war claimed by victorious soldiers.  [EB 2006]


what Fortune did for him

Fortune is described here as an active entity shaping Palliser’s life, an image which resonates with the Roman personification of luck, Fortuna.  [EB 2006]